Relevance of Social Security in Lives of Elderly People

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Relevance of Social Security in Lives of Elderly People

The fragmentation of traditional joint families has been a cause of concern for senior citizens in present times.  The changing family dynamics has left the elders vulnerable to so ...

The fragmentation of traditional joint families has been a cause of concern for senior citizens in present times.  The changing family dynamics has left the elders vulnerable to social stigma, psychological maladjustments and crime. Apart from social & economic indifferences, senior citizens have been witnessing alarming delinquency committed against them, for instance Delhi which is home to nearly a million senior citizens has been testament to various unpleasant situations. As the surveys report, crime against elders in Delhi is double than that in Bangalore and four times than that of Mumbai. Out of the total crimes committed against senior citizens physical abuse was 42.2 %, followed by murder 35.5 % & robbery 13.3 %.

With this in backdrop, the attribute of Social Security becomes imperative in the contextual framework where Government has outlined many legislations to safeguard the rights of senior citizens: The National Policy on Older Person (1999), National Policy on Senior Citizens (2011), National Council for Older Persons (2005), Maintenance & Welfare of Parents & Senior Citizens (2007), Annapurna Scheme etc. few schemes are also envisaged at state level.

India has policies and programs which revolve around elder care but the desired outcome is yet to be achieved. The gap between planning & execution of elder care policies has been responsible for this pitiable state of affairs.  According to many geriatrics experts in the country India lacks well devised social security measures for senior citizens.  The inadequacies could be easily pointed from the Pension holders which are meager for Individuals to sustain.  There is no representative body around the country for the upliftment of elderly people. Another grave issue which needs to be tackled is the problem of alienation & isolation of Elderly Women quoting a research finding “the growing age of women, their role in family besides their support emotional connects and security cover gets thinner by every passing day and they become redundant for all concerned “, so women who live in cities are more vulnerable compared to women in rural areas.

 To redeem the plight of senior citizens in country today, some of the solutions could be implementation of stringent measures against adversities of growing old; every hospital should posses a geriatrics ward with trained personnel catering to the growing needs of seniors. Certain hours should be kept aside in contributing to their personal well being and growth activities ensuring they age healthily and happily.

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